Once you decide to invest in video, you still need to figure out how to get people to view and interact with it. That’s where search engine optimization comes into play.
Follow these 11 steps to optimize your videos for organic search, to improve their ability to rank and drive views.
Choose your topic. Your videos need to provide something the viewer wants. That could be instruction on how to use your products, a 360-degree view, a solution to a common problem — something that fills a need of searchers. It’s unlikely that they want to see your company’s video ad, unless you work for a megabrand.
Keyword research, the foundation for all SEO, needs to be one of the first stops for video, too. It will help you understand the needs searchers feel that they have.
Create quality content. Ensure that your video is well structured and does a solid job of fulfilling the need for searchers and shoppers. But quality also speaks to production quality. No one wants to watch an out-of-focus, choppy video with sound you can barely hear. Not everyone can afford to hire a company to produce the highest-quality video. But you can invest in a tripod and a microphone, like Beardbrand founder and fellow Practical Ecommerce author Eric Bandholz did several years ago when he started vlogging about beard grooming in his office.
Choose a relevant thumbnail. The default thumbnail often involves someone in mid-speech or is otherwise unrelated to the video’s content. Choose your own thumbnail or create a title to ensure searchers understand the relevance and want to click to view. Otherwise you’ll miss the click or they’ll bounce out to a more attractive-looking video. That bounce can be tracked by the search engine, and likely impacts your rankings if it happens frequently.
Match video hosting to your goal. Depending on what you want to accomplish, there are multiple hosting options. They all enable people to see videos on your site, but there are other considerations.
Structure your video section. Treat your video content like you would a blog. Optimize each video page and assign it to a category as you would with any blog post. The category page links to every video page to ensure that there’s a navigation structure that search engines can crawl.
Optimize your video pages. Optimize each video page (title tag, meta description) to declare its relevance to searchers and search engines alike. The title of the video — or the need it addresses — should be the main headline for the page, which should be formatted as an H1 tag. Then comes the video, followed by a short description, which should also be optimized.
Transcribe the videos. Search engine algorithms don’t analyze videos to determine their content, yet. There’s a rich source of natural-language content locked up inside that video where search engine crawlers can’t access it. Including a full transcript of your video provides additional contextual relevance to your on-page optimization.
Link with products. To accomplish your ultimate goal of selling products, your product and category pages need to acquire links. But links to videos don’t go to products or their categories. The solution is to link from your video pages to the products or categories that they feature. You could also link to your video from the relevant product page.
Mark up with structured data. Make sure to mark up your video pages up with video schema structured data. This will encourage video rich snippets on Google’s search results. These are primarily visible on informational search queries but have been seen on product-based commerce searches as well.
Post a video XML sitemap. This type of XML sitemap links to every video you have posted on your site to increase their discoverability by search bots. It’s not seen by humans, unlike an HTML sitemap.
Promote to drive views and links. Start promoting your videos in channels you can control: your email newsletter, via links on your blog or home page, and in your social media campaigns. Then team up with your press relations team to identify a strategy for promoting the video content to the media and relevant industry influencers.
Next, switch your focus to external sources. Search for forums where people are asking questions that your videos answer and carefully offer your video as a solution. Look for people who have blogged about the topic and offer your video as a resource (requesting that they credit your company as the source).
Devise ways to connect with the people in your industry who influence others — on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, or wherever your prospects are. It helps greatly if you’ve been corresponding with those influencers already. All of that networking could pay off in the form of recommendations or, even better, links to your site.